Kidney Infections/Failure, Early Signs And Treatment

The human kidneys found in the body are a pair of bean-shaped organs on either side of your spine, below your ribs and behind your belly. Each kidney is about 4 or 5 inches long.

The kidneys’ job is to filter your blood. They remove wastes, control the body’s fluid balance, and keep the right levels of electrolytes. All of the blood in your body passes through them about 40 times a day

The body has two kidneys and there are positioned on either side of your spine, below your ribs, and behind your stomach. Your kidney help in the management of various body fluids, compartments, and electrolyte concentrations. It also aid the removal of toxins in your body. The kidney must be kept healthy due to these vital functions there perform.

The kidney is a delicate organ and can easily be affected. If blood stop flowing into your kidney, it could cause a part or all of it to die and this can result in kidney failure. Kidney failure is dangerous and can cause many complications in the body.

Kidney Infections/Conditions

Right below are the basic kidney infections and conditions

Pyelonephritis (infection of kidney pelvis):

Bacteria may infect the kidney, usually causing back pain and fever. A spread of bacteria from an untreated bladder infection is the most common cause of pyelonephritis.

An overactive immune system may attack the kidney, causing inflammation and some damage. Blood and protein in the urine are common problems that occur with glomerulonephritis. It can also result in kidney failure.

Kidney stones (nephrolithiasis):
Minerals in urine form crystals (stones), which may grow large enough to block urine flow. It’s considered one of the most painful conditions. Most kidney stones pass on their own, but some are too large and need to be treated.

Nephrotic syndrome:

Damage to the kidneys causes them to spill large amounts of protein into the urine. Leg swelling (edema) may be a symptom.
Polycystic kidney disease: A genetic condition resulting in large cysts in both kidneys that hinder their work.
Acute renal failure (kidney failure): A sudden worsening in how well your kidneys work. Dehydration, a blockage in the urinary tract, or kidney damage can cause acute renal failure, which may be reversible.

A permanent partial loss of how well your kidneys work. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes.
End-stage renal disease (ESRD): Complete loss of kidney strength, usually due to progressive chronic kidney disease. People with ESRD require regular dialysis for survival.

Papillary necrosis:

Severe damage to the kidneys can cause chunks of kidney tissue to break off internally and clog the kidneys. If untreated, the resulting damage can lead to total kidney failure.

Diabetic nephropathy:

High blood sugar from diabetes progressively damages the kidneys, eventually causing chronic kidney disease. Protein in the urine (nephrotic syndrome) may also result.

Hypertensive nephropathy:

Kidney damage caused by high blood pressure. Chronic renal failure may eventually result.
Kidney cancer: Renal cell carcinoma is the most common cancer affecting the kidney. Smoking is the most common cause of kidney cancer.

Interstitial nephritis:

Inflammation of the connective tissue inside the kidney, often causing acute renal failure. Allergic reactions and drug side effects are the usual causes.

Minimal change disease:
A form of nephrotic syndrome in which kidney cells look almost normal under the microscope. The disease can cause significant leg swelling (edema). Steroids are used to treat minimal change disease.

Below are some of the major signs you should look at for

A) Swollen eyes

Puffy eyes is an early sign of kidney disease which signify the presence of protein in your urine. This can result in puffiness around the eye area. If you have sufficient rest and protein but continue to see puffiness around your eye, ensure you see a doctor for proper diagnosis.

B) Difficult In Breathing

Finding it difficult to breath can be caused due to extra fluid in the body moving into the lungs when the kidney is not working properly. Anaemia can also cause shortness of breath. Anaemia constrains your body of oxygen and this can lead to shortness of breath. This can be dangerous and can kill hence seek medical attention once you discover it.

C) Offensive breath

Alwys having an offensive breath is another sign of excess toxins in your bloodstream. It is when this waste accumulates in your body that results in a change of taste or a feeling of metallic taste in your mouth. This symptom could lead to your loss of appetite and unhealthy weight loss. High blood sugar levels can also cause this hence watch out.

D) Fatigue And Pains

If your kidneys are not operating well, there will be a decline in erythropoietin production and this will therefore lead to a decrease in red blood cells. A deterioration in red blood cells can cause rapid fatigue of your muscles and brain. Seek medical attention once you begin to experience these symptoms. An important function of the kidney is to transform vitamin D in your body to maintain strong bones and produce erythropoietin.

E) Change in urination

The function of the kidney is to manufacture urine and eliminate waste through it. If there is a problem with your kidneys you may encounter changes in your urine. This is a very common sign of kidney failure hence watch out for it.

F) Dry and skin

This also can be one of the numerous signs of a damaged kidney, once you start experiencing this try and visit a doctor for immediate check up.

G) Difficulties In sleeping

This can be due to an increased level of toxins in the blood because they can not be eradicated from your body through urine. Watch out for this sign because it is common among many people with kidney disease. This alwys turns out to be one of the huge sign of kdney failure.

H) High blood pressure

Your kidney is composed of nephrons whose task is to filter waste and extra fluids from your blood. Once those blood vessels are harmed, the nephron that filters your blood does not accept enough oxygen and nutrients. Avoid things that cause high blood pressure to stay healthy.

Kidney Treatments

Kidney infections caused by bacteria are treated with antibiotics. Often, cultures of the blood or urine can help guide the choice of antibiotic therapy.

Nephrostomy: A tube (catheter) is placed through the skin into the kidney. Urine then drains directly from the kidney, bypassing any blockages in urine flow.

Lithotripsy: Some kidney stones may be shattered into small pieces that can pass in the urine. Most often, lithotripsy is done by a machine that projects ultrasound shock waves through the body.

Nephrectomy: Surgery to remove a kidney. Nephrectomy is performed for kidney cancer or severe kidney damage.

Dialysis: Artificial filtering of the blood to replace the work that damaged kidneys can’t do. Hemodialysis is the most common method of dialysis in the U.S.

Hemodialysis: A person with complete kidney failure is connected to a dialysis machine, which filters the blood and returns it to the body. Hemodialysis is typically done 3 days per week in people with ESRD.

Peritoneal dialysis: Placing large amo
unts of a special fluid in the abdomen through a catheter allows the body to filter the blood using the natural membrane lining the abdomen. After a while, the fluid with the waste is drained and discarded.

Kidney transplant: Transplanting a kidney into a person with ESRD can restore kidney function. A kidney may be transplanted from a living donor, or from a recently deceased organ donor.

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