14 HEALTH WONDERS OF PAWPAW ( Carica papaya) THAT YOU DO NOT KNOW

Papaya is a soft tropical fruit with a yellowish-orange color. It belongs to the Caricaceae family. It is round and plump and comes in larger and smaller sizes. It tastes sweet and has a soft texture that many find appealing. The seeds are also edible, although they’re more bitter than the fruit itself.  It is are also known as papaw or pawpaw.

Its taste depends on whether you’re eating ripe or unripe papaya. When ripe, papaya is sweet and has a flavor comparable to a melon. Unripe papaya, on the other hand, may have little to no flavor.

Papayas are originally from Central America. They grow best in a tropical region where there is plentiful rainfall but little long-term flooding. Freezing temperatures may damage a papaya crop.

It’s loaded with antioxidants that can reduce inflammation, fight disease and help keep you looking young.

Papaya has many different names all over the globe. In Australia, it’s called a pawpaw. In southern Asia, it’s sometimes called a kepaya, lapaya, or tapaya. Its name in French is sometimes “figueir des iles,” or fig of the islands. Some Spanish names for papaya include “melon zapote,” “fruta bomba,” or “mamona.”

Similar to other fruit, papaya is healthy when eaten as part of a balanced diet and is relatively low in calories.

The following are the reasons why  you should eat more papaya.

  1. Protects against Age-related macular degeneration

Zeaxanthin, an antioxidant found in papaya, filters out harmful blue light rays.

It is thought to play a protective role in eye health, and it may ward off macular degeneration.

However, a higher intake of all fruits has been shown to decrease the risk of and progression of age-related macular degeneration.

  1. Protection Against Heart Disease

Papayas contain high levels of antioxidants vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E. Diets high in antioxidants may reduce the risk of heart disease. The antioxidants prevent the oxidation of cholesterol. When cholesterol oxidizes, it’s more likely to create blockages that lead to heart disease.

 

Additionally, papaya’s high fiber content may reduce the risk of heart disease. High-fiber diets lower cholesterol levels.

Papaya has folic acid, which is essential for converting the amino acid homocysteine into less harmful amino acids. High levels of homocysteine, an amino acid primarily found in meat products, are a risk factor for heart disease. So eating papaya in your diet may lower homocysteine levels, reducing this risk factor.

  1. Has Anticancer Properties

Research suggests that the lycopene in papaya can reduce cancer risk. It may also be beneficial for people who are being treated for cancer. Papaya may work by reducing free radicals that contribute to cancer. Additionally, papaya may have some unique effects not shared by other fruits. Among 14 fruits and vegetables with known antioxidant properties, only papaya demonstrated anticancer activity in breast cancer cell

  1. Asthma prevention

The risk of developing asthma is lower in people who consume a high amount of certain nutrients. One of these nutrients is beta-carotene, contained in foods like papaya, apricots, broccoli, cantaloupe, pumpkin, and carrots.

  1. Boosts Your Immune System

Eating foods high in vitamin C can help to boost the immune system, allowing the body to fight off bacterial and viral illnesses. Papaya has a good amount of this antioxidant, making it part of an immune-healthy diet.

  1. Improve Heart Health

Adding more papaya to your diet may boost your heart health.

Studies show that fruits high in lycopene and vitamin C may help prevent heart disease .

 

The antioxidants in papaya may protect your heart and enhance the protective effects of “good” HDL cholesterol.

  1. Improves Digestion and Reduced Inflammation

The papaya fruit contains two enzymes, papain and chymopapain. Both enzymes digest proteins, meaning they can help with digestion and reduce inflammation. Papain is an ingredient in some over-the-counter digestive supplements to help with minor upset stomach.

 

Both papain and chymopapain also help to reduce inflammation. They may help acute pain, like those from burns or bruises, and they can help with chronic inflammatory conditions like arthritis and asthma.

  1. Improves bone health

Low intakes of vitamin K have been associated with a higher risk of bone fracture. Adequate vitamin K consumption is important for good health, as it improves calcium absorption and may reduce urinary excretion of calcium, meaning there is more calcium in the body to strengthen and rebuild bones.

  1. Controls Diabetes

Studies have shown that people with type 1 diabetes who consume high-fiber diets have lower blood glucose levels, and people with type 2 diabetes may have improved blood sugar, lipid, and insulin levels. One small papaya provides about 3 grams of fiber, which is equivalent to just 17 grams of carbohydrates.

  1. Improve Digestion

The papain enzyme in papaya can make protein easier to digest.

People in the tropics consider papaya to be a remedy for constipation and other symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

In one study, people who took a papaya-based formula for 40 days had significant improvement in constipation and bloating.

The seeds, leaves and roots have also been shown to treat ulcers in animals and humans.

  1. Protects Against Skin Damage

When used topically, mashed papaya appears to be beneficial for promoting wound healing and preventing infection of burned areas. Researchers believe that the proteolytic enzymes chymopapain and papain in papaya are responsible for their beneficial effects. Ointments containing the papain enzyme have also been used to treat decubitus ulcers (bedsores).

  1. Hair health

  2. Papaya is also great for skin because it contains vitamin A, a nutrient required for sebum production, which keeps hair moisturized. Vitamin A is also necessary for the growth of all bodily tissues, including skin and hair. Adequate intake of vitamin C, which papaya can provide, is needed for the building and maintenance of collagen, which provides structure to skin.
  3. Nutritious and Delicious

Papayas are an excellent source of vitamin C, and one single medium fruit provides 224 percent of recommended daily intake.

One medium papaya has approximately:

  • 120 calories
  • 30 grams of carbohydrate – including 5 grams of fiber and 18 grams of sugar
  • 2 grams of protein

Papayas are also a good source of:

  • folate
  • vitamin A
  • magnesium
  • copper
  • pantothenic acid
  • fiber

They also have B vitamins, alpha and beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, vitamin E, calcium, potassium, vitamin K, and lycopene, the powerful antioxidant most commonly associated with tomatoes.

It is important to note that papaya is generally safe to consume, but some people may experience allergic reactions. Papaya has natural sugars, so if you need to avoid sugar for any reason, eat an amount that fits with your health needs.

 

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