Semen is the fluid released through the male urethra during ejaculation. It carries sperm and fluids from the prostate gland and other male reproductive organs. Semen is typically a thick, white fluid, but it can vary in color and consistency.

Watery semen can occur due to low sperm count, lifestyle factors, and nutritional deficiencies. Ejaculating thin, clear semen may also be a temporary condition with no serious health concerns.


Causes Of Watery Semen

  1. Low Sperm Count

The World Health Organization (WHO)Trusted Source define low sperm count, or oligospermia, as producing fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Having a low sperm count can make it more difficult for a person to conceive but does not necessarily mean that a person is infertile. There is not always an obvious cause for having a low sperm count. However, some genetic conditions, such as Klinefelter syndrome, can affect a person’s sperm count.

Other causes of low sperm count can include:

  • Hormone disorders, such as hyperthyroidism and hypogonadism
  • Infections
  • Exposure to radiation or toxins, such as industrial chemicals, herbicides, and lead
  • Drug use
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Tobacco use
  • Excess body weight
  • Certain medications
  1. Frequent Ejaculation

Frequent ejaculation may also lead to the production of watery semen. If you masturbate several times a day, the quality of semen after the first ejaculation is likely to become thin and watery. Your body may require at least a few hours to produce a normal, healthy amount of semen.

  1. Retrograde Ejaculation

During ejaculation, semen passes through the urethra and out of the penis. However, a dysfunctional bladder sphincter can cause semen to travel backward into the bladder, resulting in a condition called retrograde ejaculation.


People who experience retrograde ejaculation may produce less semen or semen that appears thin or watery.

  1. Zinc Deficiency

A zinc shortage is another probable reason of watery sperm. Men who have adequate zinc levels or who are zinc deficient and take zinc sulphate supplements can better combat the effects of anti-sperm antibodies, according to research. The immune system produces these antibodies when it misidentifies sperm as a foreign substance.

The body cannot produce or store zinc, which means that people can only get zinc from the foods they eat.

Some dietary sources of zinc include:

  • Oysters
  • Red meat, poultry, and shellfish
  • Nuts, seeds, and whole grains
  • Beans
  • Yogurt and other dairy products
  1. Pre-ejaculation

If you have semen that appears watery, it’s important to note if some color is present or if it’s clear. Very clear semen may actually be pre-ejaculation fluid that’s released during foreplay. It typically contains few sperm.

  1. Varicocele

A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that run from the testicles to the scrotum. Varicoceles may not cause symptoms, but they can reduce sperm production and decrease semen quality in some people. Varicoceles can develop in one or both sides.


Can Watery Semen Affect Fertility?

Watery semen is often temporary and may resolve on its own. Persistent watery semen can sometimes indicate a low sperm count or another condition that may affect fertility. Having a low sperm count does not necessarily mean that a person is infertile, but it can make it more difficult to conceive.

Discoloured Semen

If you notice that your semen is discolored, the color may indicate a health problem.

Pink or reddish brown could mean your prostate is inflamed or bleeding, or there could be bleeding or inflammation in the seminal vesicle(s). The seminal vesicles are a pair of glands that help produce a significant liquid part of semen. These are usually treatable conditions.

Yellow semen could indicate small amounts of urine or unusually high levels of white blood cells in your semen.

Yellowish-green semen could mean you have a prostate infection.

Treatment Options

Treatment options for watery or discolored semen will depend on the underlying cause.

A doctor may prescribe antibiotics if they determine the cause to be a bacterial infection. For people with hormonal imbalances, a doctor may recommend hormone therapy.

In some cases, a change in lifestyle may help boost your sperm count and improve the quality of your semen. Positive changes include:

  • Quit smoking cigarettes.
  • Lose weight if you’re overweight.
  • Reduce your alcohol consumption.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • getting enough sleep

Conclusively, of you are having persistent watery semen or discoloured semen, see your health care provider immediately.

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